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Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 3

Print ISSN:-2394-2746

Online ISSN:-2394-2754

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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


A comparative study of sociodemographic profile and fetal outcome in teenage and adult mother


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Author Details: Kamala Verma, Girish Chandra Baniya

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 39

Article End Page : 44


Abstract

Background: Teenage pregnancy is widely recognized as one of the most complex and serious social, economic and health problems throughout the world. Teenage pregnancy is a high risk pregnancy. Outcome is less satisfactory than that of a pregnancy in general population.
Aim & Objective: To find out the incidence of teenage pregnancy, to study the maternal and fetal outcome in teenage pregnancy and to compare the outcome of teenage pregnancy with that of 20-26 years of an adult mother.
Material and Method: It is a prospective case-control study. 150 cases of teenage pregnancy (13-19 years) were compared with 150 cases of controls (20-26 years) for fetal outcome. After randomization, assessment of Sociodemographic details was done with the help of semi-structured performa.
Statistics: The proposed study was conducted in phased manner observing ethics of voluntary participation and informed consent of the participants were taken.
Results: the mean age of teenage mother and adult mother was 18.25 and 22.78 years respectively. Our study showed that preterm delivery was higher in teenage mothers (20%) as compared to adult mothers (6%). The incidence of LSCS was significantly more in teenage mothers (28.67%) as compared to the adult mothers (15.3%). There was a higher proportion of low birth weight in teenage mothers (31.33%) as compared to adult mothers (14.67%). Birth asphyxia is a most common complication and seen in 11.3% of cases.

Keywords:
Teenage mother; Adult Mother: Neonatal complication; Pregnancy