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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Clinical study of intra uterine fetal death

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Author Details: Kala Katti, Anupama Rani V, Umashankar KM, Dharmavijaya MN

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 404

Article End Page : 406


Introduction and Objectives: The present study was done to determine the total number of antepartum and intrapartum fetal deaths; to know the probable etiology and management of the same, and to study the role of antenatal care in prevention of IUFD.
Materials and Method: A prospective study of intrauterine fetal demise and associated maternal factors were studied. All IUFD with singleton pregnancies more than 28 weeks of gestation were included in the study.
Results: The fetal death rate was 25.4 1000 births. Major causes of IUFD were PE and eclampsia (36.19%) and abruption placenta (19.87%). Majority were preterm (56.31%) and birth weight 2.5 kg (72.17%). Risk of IUFD was significantly less in booked patients than in unbooked patients.
Conclusion: Present study showed that majority of IUDs were preventable. Early detection of pre-eclampsia by regular ANCs and its treatment can reduce its complications including IUD and abruption placenta in few cases thereby further reducing the stillbirth rate.
Keywords: Intrauterine fetal demise, Etiology, Prevention