Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Perioperative morbidity of Vulval cancer


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Author Details: Hanumant V Nipanal, Susmitha Shivanna Reddy, Dilip Kumar Mauryya, Ravindra P. Nagendra

Volume : 5

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 27

Article End Page : 30


Abstract

Introduction: The present study is a retrospective analysis of vulval cancer patients who had been treated with surgery as primary mode. The cases studied were in tertiary care hospital south India of March 2008 to February 2013. Total number of patients was 11.
Materials and Methods: The medical records of all patients studied retrospectively with reference to stage of the disease, surgery performed, prophylactic antibiotics, intra-operative and postoperative complications.
Results: Among 11 patients 9 were postmenopausal. Ten patients histopathology showed stage 1b cancer for whom simple vulvectomy was performed, one patient had co-existing HGSIL( High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion) and positive right inguinal nodes, requiring TAH+ BSO+ right groin dissection and posterior colporrhaphy was done in one patient with rectocele. One patient presented with stage 2 disease for which radical vulvectomy with bilateral groin lymph node dissection was carried out. Postoperative radiotherapy was given for 8 patients with tumor positive margins.
Conclusion: Even though many modifications in surgical methods of vulval cancer still morbidity is high. Particularly surgical complication of wound infection. This delay will further add up for delay in starting adjuvant treatment. Hence there is a need of further modifications of surgical treatments like minimally invasive approach. A team of oncology surgeons, medical oncologists, radiotherapists is needed to manage this rare cancer.
With multidisciplinary approach Surgery for early stage vulval cancer has acceptable morbidity.

Keywords: Carcinoma vulva, Saphenous vein, Vulval cancer.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0006