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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES): A rare disease; review of literature

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Author Details: Nidhi Jain, Deepak Goel, Jyotsna Kamra

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 314

Article End Page : 317


Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a complex multifactorial disorder diagnosed by clinical symptoms and radiological features. Clinically it presents with headache, diminution of vision, altered mental status, seizures and prolonged comatose state. Diagnosis is confirmed by brain imaging studies (CT/MRI) by presence of vasogenic edema of white matter in parietal and occipital lobes. It is commonly seen in young aged adults with female preponderance. Most commonly it is seen in woman with hypertension and preeclampsia/eclampsia. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment helps in better management of syndrome and thereby preventing the permanent complications. Authors here review the literature via discussing a case of 20 year old pregnant woman who came with ante partum eclampsia and was diagnosed with PRES syndrome.

Keywords: Eclampsia, Encephalopathy, Headache, Preeclampsia, PRES.

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