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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Assessment of abruptio placentae cases in M.G.M. healthcare institute, Kalamboli: A cross-sectional study

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Author Details: Shaifali Patil, Anup Kapse

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 335

Article End Page : 338


Introduction: Abruptio placenta is a serious obstetric complication which is characterised by the premature separation of the placenta. It is also associated with premature deliveries, maternal and fetal morbidities. Multiple factors are known to be associated with increased risk of placental abruption as alcohol and cocaine use and cigarette smoking, and nutritional deficiencies etc.
Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study conducted among 47 cases of abruptio placentae admitted under the department of obstetrics and gynecology, in MGM Hospital, Kalamboli, Navi Mumbai, for a period of 2 years (December 2015 to December 2017).
Results: The mean age of presentation was reported to be 26.59 years. The incidence of abruptio placentae was found to be least after the age of 35 years (Table 1). Majority of cases were multigravida, while 32% cases presented with AP were primigravida. Among the multigravida cases, the majority of cases were of gravida 2 and 3 and the mean gravida order was 2.4.
Conclusions: From the current study, we can conclude that multiparty, cesarean section, previous abortion, and placental abruption can be considered at high risk of placental abruption.

Keywords: Abruptio placenta, Obstetric complications, Premature delivery, Maternal mortality, Maternal morbidity.

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