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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


A school-based survey of premenstrual dysphoric disorder-relationship with depression, anxiety, self-esteem and quality of life


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Author Details: Kusum Lata Mathur, Manu Sharma, Devanshi Sharma, Shikha Talati

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 413

Article End Page : 418



Abstract

Introduction: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and debilitating form of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affecting women in their reproductive age. There is paucity of Indian research in this area among adolescents.
Aims: To determine the prevalence of PMDD in adolescent school students, and to study relationship between PMDD and anxiety, depression, self-esteem and quality of life (QOL).
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 adolescent students of an urban school. The Premenstrual symptom screening tool for adolescents (PSST-A), Hamilton anxiety (HAM-A) and Depression (HAM-D) Scale, Rosenberg self esteem scale (RSES) and The women’s quality of life questionnaire were employed.
Results: All participants reported at least one PMS symptom of minimal severity and 68% had at least one PMS symptom of moderate-severe intensity. Twenty five percent of the participants had ‘moderate-to severe’ PMS. None of the participants qualified for PMDD. Disruption of daily activities was reported by 35% while 22% missed school due to PMS. A statistically significant relationship was found between PSST scores and HAM-D score (p<0> Conclusion: Although PMS and PMDD pose a difficulty, majority of adolescents do not have significant anxiety, experience positive self-esteem and good quality of life. There is a need for multi-centric and multi-disciplinary research to further elucidate the factors associated with PMS and PMDD in this population.

Keywords: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Premenstrual symptoms, Adolescents, Depression, Anxiety, Self-esteem, Quality of life.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0095