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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

A cross sectional study to evaluate the relation between thyroid disorders and abnormal uterine bleeding in reproductive age group

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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Kirti Verma*,Suniti Verma,Lata Rajoria

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 177

Article End Page : 180


Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common disorder occurring in reproductive age group females. It can be understood as bleeding that occurs from the uterus outside the normal parameters and there is no structural defects in the genital tract. One of the most common association with AUB is thyroid dysfunctions. Hence this study aimed to see the incidence of thyroid related disorders in AUB and also to assess the menstrual pattern.
Material and Methods: 100 women suffering from AUB who presented to OPD of Gynecology department of SMS Medical College, Jaipur were recruited in the study. All females in 19 to 45 years of age group with abnormal uterine bleeding were included excluding those with previously known thyroid disorder, abortion history within 3 months etc. Thyroid function tests were done in all along with ultrasonography of pelvis region. Statistical analysis done.
Results: The bleeding abnormality that was found in the most of the women was heavy menstrual bleeding. Women who presented with thyroid dysfunction were 33%. 23% had subclinical hypothyroidism, 6% had hypothyroidism and 4% had hyperthyroidism.
Conclusion: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding has strong association with thyroid disorders. Most common type of disorder is subclinical hypothyroidism.Thus all patient of AUB must be evaluated for thyroid dysfunction      

Keywords: Abnormal uterine bleeding, Subclinical hypothyroidism.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijogr.2019.041