Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Juvenile cystic adenomyoma - A rare cause of refractory dysmenorrhoea

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Article Type : Case Report

Author Details: Fatma M Rentiya*,Ajesh N Desai

Volume : 6

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 411

Article End Page : 413


Introduction: This is a case report of Juvenile Cystic Adenomyoma (JCA) which is very rare disease.
Here, our purpose is to describe this rare cause of refractory secondary dysmenorrhoea along with its whole
diagnostic work up & to evaluate laparoscopic management for treatment of JCA in terms of symptomatic
relief & recurrence.
Materials and Methods: Laparoscopic excision of cystic lesion was performed & the mass was sent for
histopathological examination(HPE). Diagnosis of JCA was confirmed by HPE. Patient has been followed
up for four times to assess for relief of dysmenorrhoea & recurrence of adenomyosis.
Results: In all four follow up visits, the patient had not complained of dysmenorrhoea & there was no
evidence of adenomyosis.
Conclusion: In Conclusion, JCA is a rare cause of severe secondary dysmenorrhoea & therefore, it should
be kept in mind when an adolescent girl presents with severe dysmenorrhoea refractory to medication.
Laparoscopic removal is the best in terms of feasibility & preservation of fertility with resolution of

Keywords: Juvenile cystic Adenomyoma, Excision, Rare, Cystic adenomyosis, Non communicating horn, Cystic lesion, Adenomyosis
laparoscopy, Dysmenorrhoea, Uterus.

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