International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry


PROSPECTS OF DENTAL IMPLANTS IN PATIENTS WITH CURED ORAL MALIGNANCIES


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Author Details: Nadeem Yunus

Volume : 1

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-499X

Print ISSN : 2395-4914

Article First Page : 85

Article End Page : 87


Abstract

Background: In recent times the oral cancer therapy of head and neck region has improved a lot and hence the survival rate of oral cancer patients has also been improved. The associated radiotherapy uses to worsen the cases by causing xerostomia, salivary gland dysfunction, muscle fibrosis, osteoradionecrosis etc. Hence the Prosthodontist rehabilitation of these patients with conventional removable prosthesis becomes very difficult.

The use of dental implant in these patients can improve the prognosis of the prosthetic treatment. But the use of dental implants in irradiated jaws is thought to be contraindicated. The present article explains the feasibility and scope of dental implants in oral cancer patients.
Aim: The objective of this paper is to review the studies related to prognosis of dental implants in cured oral cancer patients.
Material & Methods: Various studies and reports related to the factors affecting the success of an implant in irradiated bone are studied. Different clinical studies and research done on Osseointegration of implants in irradiated patients are searched using PubMed.
Conclusion: Variety of factors e.g. material of implant, dose of irradiation, timing of implant placement and loading etc influence the success of the implants in irradiated patients. Keeping these factors in mind during diagnosis and treatment planning will definitely enhance the success rate of the rehabilitation of irradiated patients with dental implants.

Key Words: Dental implants, Radiation dose, Osseointegration, Hyperbaric oxygen.