IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


Ocular manifestations and treatment outcome of allergic fungal pan sinusitis


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Author Details: Sharanabasamma M, Vaibhav K

Volume : 2

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2581-5016

Print ISSN : 2581-5024

Article First Page : 251

Article End Page : 254


Abstract

Aims: To know the incidence and treatment outcome of various ocular manifestations of Allergic Fungal Pan Sinusitis.
Methodology: A prospective study was conducted in a medical college hospital in south India for a period of 2 years which included all the cases of Allergic Fungal Pansinusitis presented to the hospital. The cases were diagnosed by Bent-Kuhn criteria. The cases with ophthalmologic involvement were included in the study. CT scan of PNS, brain, orbit were done and the disease extent was noted. Cases with eye involvement were planned for surgical debridement after an initial prednisolone oral 1mg/kg over 2 weeks. Surgical debridement was done endoscopically by a team of ENT surgeon, Oculoplastic surgeon and neurosurgeon. Histopathologic examination was done. Post-surgery the steroids were tapered over 2 weeks. Post operative follow up was done every day for first week followed by weekly once till a month and every 6 monthly once for a year in the form of clinical examination, CT scan was repeated after a week during post op period. In cases with suspected recurrence CT PNS was performed. Their outcomes were analyzed.
Results: 6 cases (33%) had ocular involvement. Proptosis was the most common (28%) finding followed by epiphora(22.2%), ophthalmoparesis (22.2%), diplopia(22.2%), ophthalmoplegia(11.%), complete loss of vision(5%). Surgical intervention led to early recovery in proptosis followed by others except with PL -ve case.
Conclusion: Early treatment in AFPS prevents vision loss and has better outcomes.

Keywords
: Allergic Fungal Pan sinusitis, Proptosis, epiphora