IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


Orbital teratomas: An overview


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Author Details: Sonia Phulke

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2581-5016

Print ISSN : 2581-5024

Article First Page : 243

Article End Page : 246


Abstract

Teratoma accounts for almost 6.6% of childhood tumours. The most common locations for teratomas are gonadal, sacrococcygeal (57%), retroperitoneal, and mediastinal regions. Teratomas are usually considered as benign tumours, although they grow rapidly, but very rarely malignant. Orbital teratoma usually presents as severe unilateral proptosis or as orbitofacial asymmetry in healthy newborns. Orbital teratomas may remain dormant for years in adults and suddenly present as an acute painful proptosis due to hemorrhage or intracystic accumulation of secretion secondary to accidental trauma. The tumour can vary in size from small to extensive one. The article aims to describe clinical, histopathological, radiological characteristics and management of orbital teratomas.

Keywords: Germ cell layer, Orbit, Orbital teratoma.