IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


A retrospective study of pterygium cases treated in a tertiary care hospital at Puducherry


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Author Details: S. Chaitra, Sutapa Das, M. Subhashini, M. Kaviraj

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2581-5016

Print ISSN : 2581-5024

Article First Page : 273

Article End Page : 276


Abstract

Introduction: Pterygium is a fibrovascular outgrowth of the conjunctiva occur due to the exposure of eyes to UV irradiation, heat and dust causes. There are different surgical procedures available for the management of pterygium with varying recurrence rates. This study briefs the pattern of pterygium among patients attending a rural teaching hospital in south India.
Materials and Methods: 58 pterygium cases of both sexes were included in the study. Age and sex, topography, complications, management and recurrence of pterygium among these cases were retrospectively analyzed.
Results: 70 eyes were clinically diagnosed with pterygium. Majority of the cases were in the active working age group of 20 to 50 with a female predominance of 69%. Pterygium was found to be prevalent in the right eye (43.10%) and in the nasal region (93.10%). Conjunctival autograft (55 cases) and amniotic membrane graft (3 cases) were done to manage all cases and the follow up has shown no recurrence.
Conclusion: Pterygium cases can be efficiently managed with the application of conjunctival autograft and amniotic membrane graft techniques. The major occupation of this area is agriculture where people are more prone to UV exposure in the fields and should take appropriate protective measures to prevent the occurrence and recurrence of pterygium.

Keywords: Amniotic membrane graft, Conjunctival autograft, Pterygium, UV irradiation.