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IP International Journal of Orthopaedic Rheumatology

Management, outcome and complications of fractures in Patients Living with HIV Aids (PLHA)

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Author Details: Bhavya B. Shah, Hriday Acharya, Shaival Dalal

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-9151

Print ISSN : 2581-8112

Article First Page : 23

Article End Page : 28


Objectives: To determine the incidence of infection, compare the rates of infection, union and functional outcome of fractures in 5 PLHA patients with that of various previous studies, determine the correlation of various parameters with 6 complications and to determine the final outcome and approach of treatment of fractures in HIV positive patients.
Design: This is retrospective study of 70 PLHA(People Living with HIV/AIDS) patients.
Setting: Patients treated operatively at our institute are included in our study.
Patients: All the PLHA patients having fractures to be treated operatively and admitted in year 2014 are included in our study.
Intervention: The patients were managed operatively depending on fracture type and age of the patient.
Main Outcome Measurements: Infection and bony union assessed clinically and radiographically and functional outcome according to SF-12 scoring.
Results: Mean CD4 count was 452 with a range of 150 to 682. 44 patients belonged to WHO stage 1, 23 belonged to 26 stage 2 and 3 belonged to stage 3. There were no stage 4 patients in our study. The SF-12 score pattern showed gradual increment in values. Out of the 14 patients who underwent debridement post-operatively, 12 patients showed an eventual good outcome.
Conclusions: Although, HIV-positive male patients with fractures exhibited a higher incidence of wound complications and non- union compared to HIV-negative patients, almost all patients achieved satisfactory clinical and functional outcomes through correct, prompt and systematic interventions.

PLHA, Fracture Outcomes, Complications