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IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology


Periodontal health status and adverse pregnancy outcomes among pregnant women in Northern India


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Author Details: Jagjit Singh, Puneet Singh Talwar, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir

Volume : 2

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2457-0087

Print ISSN :

Article First Page : 50

Article End Page : 54


Abstract

Objectives: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of pregnant women and to correlate periodontal health with adverse pregnancy outcomes like pre-term birth and low birth weight.
Materials and Method: A prospective study was undertaken at General Hospital, Panchkula, Haryana. 223 pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy who visited the hospital for routine ante-natal check-up constituted the final sample size. Periodontal status was assessed using CPI Probe. The main outcome measures were gestational age and weight of the new born. Data was analyzed using SPSS package version 13.
Results: Bleeding was the main finding which was present in majority (47.5%) of the study subjects followed by calculus. Maximum no. of subjects (53.8%) with attachment loss belonged to 20-24 year age-group. There was a statistically significant association of probing depths and attachment loss with adverse pregnancy outcomes (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There is a significant association between maternal periodontics and pregnancy outcomes in the present study. It is recommended that suitable measures be undertaken by various health organizations to prevent periodontal problems among this particular group.

Keywords: Oral Health, Periodontal Health, Pregnant women, Pre-term birth, Low birth weight.