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IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology


Applications of microscope in periodontal therapy- Role in magnification really matters!


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Article Type : Review Article

Author Details: Mohan Kumar P*,Jaswitha V,Gautami S P,Ramesh KSV

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2457-0087

Print ISSN : 2581-9836

Article First Page : 1

Article End Page : 5


Abstract

Introduction: Currently, the leading theme in periodontal surgery is the use of magnification system in treating any kind of periodontal diseases. Periodontal microscope has been successfully in use in both the categories of non-surgical and surgical therapies.
Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the literature with respect to efficacy of periodontal microscope in treating periodontal diseases.
Data Sources: Search strategies were performed via electronic database which included Pubmed-Medline, Journal on Web, Google scholar and manual search using University library resources. Two reviewers assessed the eligibility of the studies.
Study Eligibility Criteria: Controlled clinical trials, randomized clinical trials and longitudinal studies evaluating the efficacy of surgical microscope with minimum of 6 months follow up were included. In-vitro and animal studies, studies mainly done under surgical loupes and case series and case reports were excluded from the search.
Results: The electronic and manual search identified a total of 217 articles. A final screen consisted of 107 articles out of which articles were selected for full-text assessment. Finally, articles were selected for detailed evaluation for this systematic review. Surgical microscope has shown significant results in all the studies except for one study.
Conclusion: Surgical microscope usage gives an impression of being the best option now days which helps in better diagnostic ability and enhances the treatment quality of both non-surgical and surgical therapies. Thus, resulting in best outcome for the patients and also provide ergonomic benefit to the operator playing as an important factor for future to adopt microsurgery by all the professions including dentistry.

Keywords: Magnifification, Microscope, Microsurgery, Periodontal surgery.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpi.2019.001