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IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology


Periodontal health among pregnant women visiting tertiary government hospitals in Patna and its distribution by different background characteristics


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Aaysha Tabinda Nabi,Irfanul Huda*,Anindita Banerjee,Prabhat Prabhat,Nitu Brotobiswas

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2457-0087

Print ISSN : 2581-9836

Article First Page : 6

Article End Page : 10


Abstract

Background: To study the association between oral health status and pregnancy in Patna (Bihar).
Aims and Objectives: This study aims to examine periodontal status in pregnant women and assess the relationship with parity, socio-economic factors, gestational age, education and oral hygiene behaviour of the women.
Materials and Methods: A Hospital based survey was carried out among women attending the antenatal outpatient department in two hospitals, Patna medical college and Nalanda medical college and hospital, to evaluate the periodontal health among pregnant women and its relationship between socio-demographic variables like age, education, income. Periodontal examination was done by CPI probe and oral health status was also recorded using indices (plaque index, by Silness & Loe gingival index, by Loe &Silness, debris index and OHI-S indices by Green &Vermillion)

Result: In the present study, of the 365 patients presenting with mild gingivitis, 40.5% were in their 1st trimester, 31.2% in 2nd and 28.2% in their 3rd trimesters. Of the 231 patients with moderate gingivitis, the maximum percentage of patients shifted to the 3rd trimester (42.9%), with 36.21% patients in their 2nd trimester and only 20.8% in their 1st trimester.

Keywords: Pregnancy, Gingivitis, and Periodontal disease.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpi.2019.002