Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Cancer report – a statistical analysis by site, age and sex distribution in rural area of Melmaruvathur, South India


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Author Details: Sumathi

Volume : 3

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 440

Article End Page : 445


Abstract

Background: Among various diseases, cancer has become a big threat to human beings globally. The incidence of cancer is increasing nowadays because of modernized world and changing life pattern.
Objective: This study aim to measure the incidence and pattern of cancer in rural area of Melmaruvathur, Tamilnadu.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in the pathology department of Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi institute of medical sciences. Data was collected from cancer register maintained in the pathology department from 2009-2015 .A total of 393 cases were collected and statistically analyzed.
Results: The common type of cancer noted in this area was squamous cell carcinoma (43%) affecting cervix, penis, skin, esophagus followed by adenocarcinoma affecting thyroid, breast, stomach, prostate and colon. The age and sex of predominantly affected were females (64%) between the age group of 40-60 years (55%) with an exception that males were commonly affected with stomach cancer (57%) and younger age group of less than 40 years were affected predominantly by thyroid cancer (100%).
Conclusion: The incidence of cancer is more common among females and between the age group of 40-60 years in this rural area. The most common cancer affecting females are cancer of cervix, breast and thyroid and males are affected frequently by cancer of penis, prostate and stomach. This study concludes that, the population resides in this rural area is more commonly affected by Genital squamous cell carcinoma followed by papillary carcinoma of thyroid and breast carcinoma.

Keywords
: Cancer-incidence, Statistics, Trends, India, Cervical cancer