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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of the etiology of lymph adenopathy


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Author Details : B. Nikethan, Neethu GV, SS. Hiremath, SB Patil

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2016

Article Page : 548-551


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Abstract

Background: Lymphadenopathy is of great clinical significance as underlying diseases may range from a treatable infectious etiology to malignant neoplasms Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a reliable as well as an inexpensive method used to diagnosis of lymphadenopathy of various site.
Aims: 1) To evaluate the usefulness of FNAC as a diagnostic tool in etiological causes of lymphadenopathy

2) To study the cytomorphological features associated with various lymphadenopathies.

Methods: A prospective study was carried out at a department of pathology in a tertiary care hospital for a period of one years. A total 322 cases of the lymph node FNAC were studied and stained by Hematoxylin & Eosin, Giems Pap and Ziehl-Neelsen stained smears.
Results: In this series of FNAC cervical lymph nodes were 256 (80%), and axillary lymph nodes were 20 (6.25%). The age of patients ranged from 1 to 70 years. FNAC diagnosis was found to be as follows: tubercular lymphadenitis in 146 cases (45.34%), reactive hyperplasia 58cases (18.01%), metastatic carcinoma 43 (13.35%), granulomatous lymphadenitis 45 (13.97%), non-specific lymphadenitis 2 (3.72%), acute suppurative lymphadenitis 10 (3.12%) and lymphoma 6 (1.86%).
Conclusion: Fine needle aspiration cytology is a most diagnostic tool in the evaluation of lymphdenopathy for early screening and follow-up and performed in outpatients department.

How to cite : Nikethan B, Neethu Gv, Hiremath S, Patil S, Role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of the etiology of lymph adenopathy. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2016;3(4):548-551

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)