Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Evaluation of incidence of anemia in type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal function


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Author Details: Archana Gupta, Swati Gupta, Vipan Gupta, Vivek Gupta

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6792

Print ISSN : 2394-6784

Article First Page : 132

Article End Page : 134


Abstract

Aim: The study was carried out over a period of 6 months to evaluate the incidence of anemia in Type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal functions.
Methods: The study group comprised of 100 patients with TYPE 2 diabetes mellitus and normal renal functions. Haemoglobin concentration, fasting blood sugar and HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin) of the subjects was measured. Renal function test (Serum urea, serum creatinine, serum uric acid, serum sodium and serum potassium) of all the patients were done and were within the normal range. The subjects with abnormal renal functions were excluded from the study. The presence of anemia was defined by haemoglobin level of less than 13 g/dl in men and <12 g/dl in women.
Results: In the present study, the patients had high incidence of anemia i.e., 79%. The incidence was more in patients with uncontrolled diabetes and HBA1c level more than 7.5%.
Conclusion: This study indicated that poor glycemic control and old age are associated with high incidence of anemia in Type 2 diabetics with normal renal functions.

Keywords:
Anemia, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin)