Volume : 4
Issue : 2
Online ISSN : 2394-6792
Print ISSN : 2394-6784
Article First Page : 263
Article End Page : 265
1. To determine haematological changes in typhoid fever.
2. To establish early diagnosis using haematological parameters for prompt treatment of the disease.
Materials and Method: This study was conducted at Khaja Banda Nawaz Institute of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital Kalaburgi from March 2015 to May 2015. 130 patients with suspected typhoid fever were included in this study and were confirmed by Widal test. Complete blood count was carried out in all these patients.
Results: A total of 130 cases of suspected typhoid fever were taken, out of which 58 (44.61%) were positive for typhoid fever and 72(55.38%) were negative. In majority of the positive cases, neutrophilia was seen in 23 cases (39.65%), anaemia in 20 cases (34.48%), leucocytosis in 13 cases (22.41%) and thrombocytopenia in 10 cases (17.24%).
Conclusion: To conclude, usually anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia are observed in typhoid fever but the present study demonstrated neutrophilia in patients who had complications like perforation, bronchopneumonia and urinary tract infection. Hence in patients with typhoid fever, neutrophilia indicates an evidence of complications.
Keywords: Typhoid Fever, Haematological Parameters