Volume : 5
Issue : 3
Online ISSN : 2394-6792
Print ISSN : 2394-6784
Article First Page : 360
Article End Page : 365
A wide spectrum of neoplasms are encountered in the ovary because of the totipotential and multipotential capacity of ovarian germ cells and mesenchymal cells. Ovarian neoplasms are the cause of highest mortality in female genital tract neoplasms.
Aim: this study was undertaken to assess the age distribution, presentation and the morphological variants of ovarian neoplasms.
Materials and Methods: a retrospective and prospective study was undertaken in the department of pathology from January 2013 to December 2017.
Results: out of 105 cases analysed, 98.10% were primary ovarian neoplasms while 1.90% were metastatic tumors. Majority, 85.71% were benign while 8.57% were malignant. Commonest tumors were the surface epithelial tumors (72.38%) followed by 18.09% germ cell tumors and 7.61% sex cord stromal tumors. Benign tumors were common in 4th decade while malignant were common in the 5th decade. The most common presenting complaint was pain in abdomen.
Conclusion: Evaluating the exact morphological type is essential in today’s era of targeted therapy for cancer. Further studies on larger population groups are essential to evaluate the outcome with respect to histopathological typing, grading and staging of ovarian tumors.
Keywords: Ovarian tumor, Histopathology.