Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


ALTERNATIVES TO ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION IN TEACHING PHARMACOLOGY: COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING TECHNIQUES IN PHARMACY CURRICULUM


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Author Details: Vadivelan R, Santilna K. S, Elango K, Sirisha S.

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 70

Article End Page : 73


Abstract

Computer assisted (CAL) techniques as an alternative to animal experiment is having a greater advantage due to increasing difficulty to perform animal experiments, because of issues related to the procurement of animals, strict regulations and ethical issues. Previously, the practical classes in pharmacology for undergraduate pharmacy course in India included more than 15 animal experiments with frog, mouse, rat, guinea pig, and rabbit and were mandatory for the students to carry out animal experiments to pass the exam. At present in 2014 with the notifications by Pharmacy council of India (PCI) and University Grants Commission (UGC) the animal experiments have been replaced by alternatives with CAL techniques. Typically these techniques can fulfill the learning objectives of B. Pharmacy and Pharm D students to a greater extent and must be implemented with practice in institutes to overcome the barriers.

Key words: CAL Techniques, Alternatives, Experimental Pharmacology, Indian Pharmacy Colleges