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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

A prospective observational study of drug usage in paediatric inpatients at district teaching hospital

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Author Details: Rajeshwari, Nagarajaiah B.H, Thamanna P.S, Drupad H.S

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 188

Article End Page : 191


Introduction: Aim of our study was to observe and analyse the prescribing pattern of drugs in hospitalised patients of paediatric department.
Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted over a period of one year, after getting approval from Institutional Ethics committee. A specially designed proforma was used to collect the data from inpatients of paediatric ward of a tertiary care hospital. Inpatients with age group of 0 – 14 years were included in the study.
Results: Out of 1050 patients, 471 were below the age group of one year, 220 patients were between 1-5 years and 359 patients were above the age of 5 years. The percentage of patients with antibiotic prescribed was 92.1%. Among the antibiotics, amikacin (483) was most commonly prescribed followed by cefotaxime (414) and ceftriaxone (301). Paracetamol was used as analgesic and antipyretic (45.5%) in the majority of the patients. The average number of drugs prescribed per patient was 5.7. In the majority of patients parenteral formulations were used either in the form of antibiotics or IV fluids (98.2%). Out of 96 different drugs, 57 (59.3%) drugs were prescribed by generic name. About 58.3% of drugs were prescribed from Essential Medicines WHO Model List (2015).
Conclusion: Drug utilization studies are powerful exploratory tools to ascertain the role of drugs in society and create sound socio-medical and health economic basis for health care decision making. Continuous medical education with a focus on rational drug use and evidence based medicine should form part of the program in the hospital.

Keywords: Drug utilization studies, Paediatric inpatients, WHO prescribing indicators