Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


An observational study of prescription patterns of drugs used in acute myocardial infarction in Western Rajasthan


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Javed Ahamed,Akhtar Ali,Rajesh Kumar Jangir,Anusuya Gehlot*,Archna Vyas

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 1

Article End Page : 5


Abstract

Aims: Aim of this study was to evaluate prescription patterns of drugs used in acute myocardial infarction patients in Western Rajasthan.
Materials and Methods: This study was cross-sectional and observational study, conducted at Department of Pharmacology, in association with Department of Cardiology, M. D. M. Hospital, a tertiary care teaching hospital attached with Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
Results: Out of 101 STEMI diagnosed patients, 66 were males and 35 were females. Maximum patients belong to age group (60-69yrs) and least in age group (20-29yrs). Anticoagulant and hypolipidemic drugs were prescribed to every patient. Atorvastatin and enoxaparin (LMWH) were maximum prescribed drug that were used in all 100% patients; while Aspirin and Clopidogrel used in 99% patients. Among antianginal drugs, Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) was most common prescribed drug in 66 patients (65.34%), followed by Nitroglycerin (NTG) in 62 patients (61.38%). While among antihypertensive drugs beta blockers were maximum prescribed drugs that were used in 64 patients (63.36%), followed by ACE inhibitors in 32 patients (31.68%).
Conclusion: Findings of our study are in accordance with ESC Guidelines 2018. Myocardial infarction and risk of its complications can be control by diet control, regular exercise, medicines and by time to time follow up. Most common prescribed drugs were anticoagulant and hypolipidemic drugs. While most common prescribed antihypertensive drug in MI patients was Beta blockers and most prescribed antianginal drug was Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN).

Keywords: STEMI, Prescription Pattern, LMWH, ESC Guidelines, FDC.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2393-9087.2019.0001