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Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 2

Print ISSN:-2394-272X

Online ISSN:-2394-2738

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The Journal of Community Health Management

Epidemiological study of hypertension and its determinants in an urban population, Solapur

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Author Details: Rajesh B. Chaugule, Pragati G. Rathod, Bhagyashri B. Wankhade, Santosh J. Haralkar, Manisha L. Bendh

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 203

Article End Page : 208


Background: Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in a causation of coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular complications. It is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular mortality, which accounts for 20-50 percent of all deaths. In India, the trend is increasing due to changes in lifestyle.
Material and Method: The present community based descriptive study with cross sectional design carried out among 400 individuals with an age 20 years and above. Predesigned & pretested Semi open-ended questionnaire was used to collect data, 200 individuals selected from urban slum and non-slum area each by simple random sampling.
Result: The prevalence of hypertension in urban area was 18.25%. Prevalence of hypertension was significantly more in elderly peoples (51.85%), class I socioeconomic status (28.23%), higher educational status i.e. Post- graduate (34.04%), widowed individuals (45%), obese (34.62%), smokers (39.58%) and alcoholics (35.18%), those with family history of hypertension (31.40%) and Diabetes (33.33%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension is high in certain high risk groups which can be easily identified and preventive actions can be taken.

Alcohol Intake, Hypertension, Obesity, Smokers, Urban Area