Print ISSN:-2394-272X

Online ISSN:-2394-2738

CODEN : TJCHAX

Current Issue

Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 4

Article view: 561

Article download: 187

The Journal of Community Health Management


Epidemiological study of hypertension and its determinants in an urban population, Solapur


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Rajesh B. Chaugule, Pragati G. Rathod, Bhagyashri B. Wankhade, Santosh J. Haralkar, Manisha L. Bendh

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2016

Article Page : 203-208


Suggest article by email

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in a causation of coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular complications. It is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular mortality, which accounts for 20-50 percent of all deaths. In India, the trend is increasing due to changes in lifestyle.
Material and Method: The present community based descriptive study with cross sectional design carried out among 400 individuals with an age 20 years and above. Predesigned & pretested Semi open-ended questionnaire was used to collect data, 200 individuals selected from urban slum and non-slum area each by simple random sampling.
Result: The prevalence of hypertension in urban area was 18.25%. Prevalence of hypertension was significantly more in elderly peoples (51.85%), class I socioeconomic status (28.23%), higher educational status i.e. Post- graduate (34.04%), widowed individuals (45%), obese (34.62%), smokers (39.58%) and alcoholics (35.18%), those with family history of hypertension (31.40%) and Diabetes (33.33%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension is high in certain high risk groups which can be easily identified and preventive actions can be taken.

Keywords:
Alcohol Intake, Hypertension, Obesity, Smokers, Urban Area

How to cite : Chaugule R B, Rathod P G, Wankhade B B, Haralkar S J, Bendh M L, Epidemiological study of hypertension and its determinants in an urban population, Solapur. J Community Health Manag 2016;3(4):203-208

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and J Community Health Manag. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)