Current Issue

Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 2

Print ISSN:-2394-272X

Online ISSN:-2394-2738

Member of


The Journal of Community Health Management


Epidemiological study of hypertension and its determinants in an urban population, Solapur


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details: Rajesh B. Chaugule, Pragati G. Rathod, Bhagyashri B. Wankhade, Santosh J. Haralkar, Manisha L. Bendh

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 203

Article End Page : 208


Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in a causation of coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular complications. It is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular mortality, which accounts for 20-50 percent of all deaths. In India, the trend is increasing due to changes in lifestyle.
Material and Method: The present community based descriptive study with cross sectional design carried out among 400 individuals with an age 20 years and above. Predesigned & pretested Semi open-ended questionnaire was used to collect data, 200 individuals selected from urban slum and non-slum area each by simple random sampling.
Result: The prevalence of hypertension in urban area was 18.25%. Prevalence of hypertension was significantly more in elderly peoples (51.85%), class I socioeconomic status (28.23%), higher educational status i.e. Post- graduate (34.04%), widowed individuals (45%), obese (34.62%), smokers (39.58%) and alcoholics (35.18%), those with family history of hypertension (31.40%) and Diabetes (33.33%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension is high in certain high risk groups which can be easily identified and preventive actions can be taken.

Keywords:
Alcohol Intake, Hypertension, Obesity, Smokers, Urban Area