The Journal of Community Health Management


Suicide attempts and related life events among suicide attempted patient in a tertiary care centre, Bengaluru: A cross-sectional study


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Kavya M. A*,Shoba, ,Ranganath T.S,Vishwanath P.G

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2738

Print ISSN : 2394-272X

Article First Page : 7

Article End Page : 11


Abstract

Context: A high suicide rate is an index of social disorganization. In India, it is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 years age group. Young age, female sex, poor education, unemployment and socio economic deprivation are some of the potential risk factors.
Material and Methods: The aim of the study is to assess the life events that provoked suicide attempt in a tertiary care centre. It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 476 patients with attempted suicide by convenient sampling method. Study was conducted from January 2016 to May 2017.Data was collected using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire. Descriptive and Inferential statistics were used to analyse the data.
Results: Mean age of study participants was 30.65+0.75 years. Among 476, 57.78% of them were males and 24.57% of study participants had family history of suicide. There is association between life events that led to attempt suicide and number of previous attempts of suicide. Among various life events, family problems were the most common factor irrespective of number of previous suicide attempts followed by financial crisis, work-related factors and personal factors.
Conclusion: Suicide and attempted suicides are becoming globally endemic. Socio-demographic factors and the nature of their living in a society plays a major role in this. Healthy living comes from healthy family and good working environment.

Keywords: Suicide, suicide intent, Socio-demographic factors, Life events, Family problems.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jchm.2019.002