Article Type : Research Article
Volume : 6
Issue : 1
Online ISSN : 2394-2738
Print ISSN : 2394-272X
Article First Page : 30
Article End Page : 32
Anemia is the most common disorder of the blood and it is very typical to identify anemia. Many biotechnological tools are developed regularly for identification of anemia e.g. Analyzers’ for CBC counting, Neubauer chamber for cell counting, Microscopic findings of Bone marrow examination etc. The tools are developed accordingly where there is less errors in assessing and also keeping in mind that less sample may be drawn from sufferer. The objectives of the study were to identify Anemia in various age groups females carried out with the following.
Materials and Methods: The blood can be collected (without clots) by veripuncture in the EDTA tube (dipotassium salt) for the test performing are Complete Blood Count (CBC) including Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR, method: wintrobe) by using automatic analyzer. Few samples was also examined by POC microscope for further evaluations or analysis. The collected blood samples of 1000 females includes with their symptomatic analysis of present and past history via questionnaire. Then findings are evaluated with sign and symptoms of sick persons, with their family history, clinical history and physical examinations (according to available data) for confirming Anemia. Results were categorized at different categories groups.
Results: From the hematological analysis done by using automated analyzer and PDM device of one thousand samples, 57% samples are found as anemic. When their comparative analysis was performed with their weight it was found that about 34.9% females are overweight and affected with disease condition. When categorized type it was found that 29.2% students affected with mild anemia, 4.8% are by moderate anemia and 0.8% were with severe anemia. The maximum anemia cases of students living in PG or hostiles.
Conclusion: After performing the hematological analysis it is found that 57% of sample indicating anemia. Day scholar 68.6% and hostiles 81.6% had prone to anemia. It was also seen 1.6% females with severe anemia. Some non anemic about 10% samples are also shows anemic condition with no symptoms of anemia. They are either suffered by chronic illness or infected by blood parasite. PDM device indicated around 5% of cases are with infectious disease cases like Tuberculosis or any other previous illness. The food habit of hostile was worse than those of day scholars. Their food may not contain nutritional content and their food habits are only sustaining their hunger but not supportive with health as much as they required. Based upon a relatively small body of evidence, there appears to be a strong and clinically significant association between anemia and different life threatening diseases like cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in MDS. While further research is needed, clinicians should seek to actively manage hemoglobin levels in all chronic disease patients before the point of transfusion dependency is reached.
Keywords: CBC, Blood parasite, Anemia, Mortality, Morbidity, Hemoglobin, Transfusion.