IP Journal of Diagnostic Pathology and Oncology


To evaluate prevalence of anemia in hypothyroid patients


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Sai Akhila Peraka,Saritha Karre*,Swarupa Ravuri,Chandra Kumar Shanmugam

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-3706

Print ISSN : 2581-3714

Article First Page : 110

Article End Page : 113


Abstract

Aims and objectives: The main objective of the current study is to delineate prevalence, type of anemia in patients enduring with hypothyroidism and to correlate its severity with deficient levels in thyroid profile.
Material and Methods: The prospective study spanning for a year (December 2017 to November2018) consisting of 1500 patients was done in collaboration with Department of Biochemistry at tertiary care Centre. A detailed history was taken and investigations were done in all patients conferred with Anemia and hypothyroidism. Peripheral smear examination, RBC indices, Complete Blood Count were the essential investigations for anemia.
Results: The prevalence of anemia was found to be 41.8%. In anemic patients, the predominance of normocytic normochromic anemia was 98.56% (most common), microcytic hypochromic anemia was 0.95% and macrocytic anemia was 0.49%. 59.34% had mild anemia, 39.71% had moderate anemia and 0.95% had severe anemia.
Conclusion: The study showed the association of anemia and hypothyroidism and it further highlighted the relation between the two with respect to severity. Normocytic normochromic anemia and mild anemia were observed to be the most widely recognized types of anemia in hypothyroid patients. This will help in implementing appropriate therapeutic decisions for both the conditions and contribute to the wellbeing of the patients.

Keywords: Anemia, Hypothyroidism.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jdpo.2019.021