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Journal of Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology


Lipoma; a rarity in the oral cavity: a case report


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Author Details: Ankit Srivastava, Vijayalakshmi K.R., Mubeen Khan

Volume : 2

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-6194

Print ISSN : 2395-6186

Article First Page : 85

Article End Page : 87


Abstract

Lipomas are rare, benign tumours of mesenchymal origin, representing 1 – 5% of all benign oral tumors. Clinically, intraoral lipomas present as slow growing, soft, asymptomatic mass. Histopathologically, they are composed predominantly of mature adipocytes admixed with collagenous tissue and may be surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. Their diagnostic importance lies in the distinction from other benign connective tissue lesions, salivary gland neoplasms and liposarcomas. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice and recurrence is rare. Here we report a case of intraoral lipoma in the buccal mucosa.

Key words:
Intraoral lipoma, Buccal mucosa, Benign neoplasm, Mature adipocytes, Lymphoepithelial cyst.
Key Messages: Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neo­plasms composed of mature adipocytes. Only ­2.2% of all lipomas occur in the oral cavity­. Clinicians must be able to recognize these rare entities clinically and differentiate them from other connective tissue, salivary gland neoplasms and malignant adipocytic neoplasms so that adequate treatment can be done.