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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Holistic Health

Knowledge and practice of foot care amongst diabetic patients attending a tertiary care hospital of Kolkata, India

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Author Details: Sita Chatterjee, Mausumi Basu, Kajari Bandyopadhyay, Abhishek De, Sinjita Dutta

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2454-6712

Print ISSN : 2454-6704

Article First Page : 15

Article End Page : 21


Introduction: Prevalence of Diabetic Foot Ulcer in the southern part of India is higher compared to eastern, northern and western India.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge and practices of foot care among patients attended diabetic clinic of a tertiary care hospital of Kolkata.
Materials and Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out from 01.05.2016 to 28.05.2016 among275 patients attending the Diabetic OPD using a pre designed structured pre tested schedule.
Data Analysis: Epi-info version 6 and SPSS Version 16.0.
Results: About 71.27% & 40% had good knowledge & practice respectively; 62.91% checked their feet daily; 42.91% inspect their footwear regularly; 90.81% used footwear outdoors; 6.91% used footwear indoor; washing & drying of feet was present in 78.91% & 18.90% respectively; healthy nail trimming was found in 61.81% of the patients. Gender, residence, education, occupation, income, family history of diabetes, duration, regular use of medication was found to be associated with both knowledge & practice.
Conclusions: Patient education on prevention of foot ulceration should be incorporated into the routine care of diabetic patients both in the hospital and in the community.

Knowledge, Practice, Diabetic foot care, Diabetic foot ulcer