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Santosh University Journal of Health Sciences

Study of external and internal injuries to the neck structure in cases of hanging

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Author Details: Anil Kumar Yadav,Virender Chhoker,Kaushal Kishore,Yogesh Yadav*

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2455-1732

Print ISSN :

Article First Page : 110

Article End Page : 113


Introduction: Asphyxia could occur in various situations like: Traumatic asphyxia, Hanging, Choking, Smothering, Strangulation, poisoning, etc. There are both external and internal general features to diagnose fatal asphyxia macroscopically such as: a) External (i) ligature mark (ii) congestion, cyanosis & petechial hemorrhages. b) Internal – fluidity of blood, dilatation of right chamber of heart and visceral congestion.
Materials and Methods: An observational Cross sectional study was carried out in Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad. A total 58 cases of fatal neck compression were included in this study during. All the cases with alleged history of fatal neck compression were included in the study, except where the dead body was severely decomposed, that would effect the observation of findings. In study the aim was to find out the different associated lesions, injuries / fracture of the organo-complex of the larynx, bleeds in the tongue, hemorrhage in the tonsils and tonsilar beds.
Results: Majority cases of hanging were seen in young adult age group of 20 ± 30 years. The overall male : female ratio in cases of hanging was 11:1. Majority cases of hanging were suicidal. Neck compression and hanging were seen between time interval of 6 + AM to 12 noon. Congestion of the face was observed in 60.86%. Hemorrhage in Sub-conjunctiva, strap muscle, tongue, epiglottis and tonsil were seen in 13%, 23.91%, 13.04%, 20% and 15.21% cases respectively. Hyoid bone fracture was present in 13.04% while thyroid cartilage fracture was present in 4.34%.
Conclusion: According to the present study hanging is more common in young adults mostly suicidal in nature. congestion of face is most significant external feature in hanging while tonsillar heamorrage is significant internal feature.

Keywords: Hanging, Asphaxia, External neck injury, Internal neck injury, Ligature mark.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2455-1732.2018.0025