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Telangana Journal of Psychiatry

Scholastic backwardness among school students: Prevalence and correlates

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Author Details: Ram Pratap Beniwal, Ankur Sachdev, Vipin Kumar, MM Bhojak, Anil Tambi

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2455-8559

Print ISSN :

Article First Page : 11

Article End Page : 15


Introduction: Scholastic achievement is a key factor for personal and professional growth. Scholastic Backwardness affects child's education, achievements, self esteem, employment and marriage prospects
Aim: To estimate the prevalence and identify the co-morbidities and correlates for scholastic backwardness among school children.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study among students in the age group of 5-15 years in an urban school of Jaipur (Rajasthan). Scholastically backward students without Intellectual Disability were evaluated in detail. Child Behavior Checklist was used for co-morbidities. Scholastically backward students were compared with scholastically superior students for evaluating the correlates.
Results:A total of 637 (N) students were considered for initial assessment (350 boys and 287 girls). 73 (n) children were diagnosed with Scholastic Backwardness (11.46%, n/N). The boys were 45 (12.85%) as compared to 28 (9.75%) girls. Specific Learning Disabilities were the commonest (16/73) followed by anxiety disorders and childhood depression. Determinants such as parental illiteracy, substance use problems in father, parental separation/divorce, parents having psychiatric disorders, low school attendance, not attending tuitions, presence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders and developmental delay were significantly associated with Scholastic Backwardness (p<0>
Conclusion:Scholastic backwardness is common in school going school related factors are responsible. It is possible to identify high risk children using these factors and intervene early.children. The causes are complex and multifactorial. Combination of family/social factors, personal factors, neuro-developmental factors and

Keywords: Scholastic backwardness, Children, Adolescents, Risk factors, Social influence