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Telangana Journal of Psychiatry


A study of psychosocial factors in attempted suicides attending a tertiary care hospital in Kanchipuram, South India


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Asgar Alam,Shailaja Bandla*,Srinivasa Gopalan,Zubaida Sultana,Sivachidambaram B

Volume : 5

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2455-8559

Print ISSN :

Article First Page : 19

Article End Page : 24


Abstract

Introduction: Suicide attempt is a self-injurious behavior with a non-fatal outcome. An insight into psychosocial factors and methods used can be used to device effective preventive strategies.
Aims: The aim is to study the psycho-social factors and to find the frequency of different methods used in attempted suicides.
Materials and Methods: This study is a descriptive, cross-sectional, hospital-based analysis of attempted suicides. 44 consecutive attempted suicides admitted in the emergency ward and referred to the Psychiatry department were taken into the study. A Semi-structured intake Performa consisting of socio-demographic data, detailed history of current suicide attempt, and access to means were noted. MINI (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview), Hamilton Depression rating scale, Beck's suicide intent scale, and Barratt's impulsiveness scale were used to screen the patients. SPSS 20 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: In the study it was found that majority of people who attempted suicide were of young age, females, married, fully employed, belonged to class IV socioeconomic status and attempts were made equally during day and night. The most common method was drug-overdose followed by poisoning with Organo-Phosphorous compounds. Mental illness was found only in 34% individuals, of which most common was depression. And one-fourth of the individuals had contact with General Practitioner within one month of the suicide attempt.
Conclusion: The need for psycho-education and social skills training in adolescents and young adults is implicated in the study. Awareness among the general physicians about suicide prevention would help in bringing down the number of attempts as would strict control of, over the counter drugs and storage of organo-phosphorous compounds.

Keywords: Suicide, Methods, Depression, Drug overdose.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.tjp.2019.005