Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFICACY OF EMLA CREAM (EUTECTIC MIXTURE OF LOCAL ANESTHETIC) AND A PLACEBO (NORMAL SALINE) IN PRODUCING DERMAL ANALGESIA FOR VENOUS CANNULATION


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Author Details: Shrinivas.T.R, Ravi kumar

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-4994

Print ISSN : 2394-4781

Article First Page : 27

Article End Page : 31


Abstract

Background: Venous cannulation is the most commonly performed invasive procedure in hospital patients. It is painful and associated with a high incidence of vasovagal reactions and pressor responses in patients.
Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of eutectic mixture of local anesthetic cream in producing dermal analgesia for venous cannulation.
Material and Method: 200 patients were selected randomly of either sex, and divided into two groups. In group-I EMLA cream was applied and in group-II normal saline (placebo) was applied. Pain for intravenous cannulation was assessed by VAS scale.
Results: The mean pain score for venous cannulation in patients with EMLA cream was very less when compared to the placebo group.
Conclusion: EMLA cream is effective in producing dermal analgesia in response to venous cannulation.

Keywords: Dermal analgesia, EMLA cream, Venous cannulation.

Doi No:-10.18231