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Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 2

Print ISSN:-2394-2118

Online ISSN:-2394-2126

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Extra pulmonary tuberculosis: An anatomical perspective


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Mani Kathapillai*

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 186

Article End Page : 189


Abstract

Introduction: Extra-pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPT) amounts to about forty percent (40%) of the total epidemiology of Tuberculosis (TB). Detailed data of various systems and organ involvement of EPT is the objective of this article.
Materials and Methods: Data of the EPT were collected from Indian Journal of Tuberculosis (IJT) since 2010-2016 for a period of 7 years. Details of age, side of lesion, affected sex and immune status were recorded in an excel sheet. The data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2007, SPSS version 23 software.
Results: Total cases reported were 428, between 3-84 years. Females (220) were affected more than the males (186); genders of 22 cases were not specified. Genitourinary system was predominantly affected by EPT (213cases). Patients aged between 21- 40 were affected in highest percentage (69.39%) versus genitourinary system with a significant p-value of 0.000. Females were affected by EPT more than males with predominant involvement of the left side with a significant p-value of 0.000. Conclusion: This study provides significant information about the EPT with respect to the number of cases reported in a specified period and their age, gender, most common side of the disease. This study also highlights the predominant system involved by EPT and also the affected rare organs like tongue, clavicle, conjunctiva and breast.

Keywords: Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, Systems involved, Rare organs.

Doi No:-10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.042