Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


A study of immunization coverage and its determinants among under five children residing in urban field practice area of S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India


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Author Details: Anjani Kumar Srivastava, Gowri Shankar

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 49

Article End Page : 53


Abstract

Background: Aim of the study was to know the immunization coverage and its determinants among under five children residing in the urban field practice area of S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the urban field practice area of S. Nijalingappa Medical College in Bagalkot city between August - October 2016. According to NFHS-4, full immunization coverage in Karnataka is 59.8%. Sample size = 4pq/l2, taking p=59.8%, q=100-p= 40.2 and allowable error (l) = 10% of p. Sample size = 269. House to house survey was done for the presence of under 5 children. Vaccination status of the under five children was assessed based on immunization card or mother’s verbal reports, and its determinants were collected using a pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire. Data was compiled and tabulated by using MS EXCEL and was analyzed, using percentages and chi square test.
Result: A total of 283 under five children’s immunization status was studied. Percentage of children fully immunized was found to be 83%, partially immunized were 16% and unimmunized were 1%. 24.3% children were less than 12 months of age, 22.9% were 12-23 months and 52.6% children were 24-60 months. 65.37% of mothers had their child’s immunization card. Major reason for failure of immunization was found to be lack of awareness of the schedule i.e. 41% of children and negligence of parents and grand-parents in 32.5%.
Conclusion: More vigorous awareness campaign are to be brought about in this area to achieve the coverage of 100%.

Keywords:
Immunization, Under five children, Urban area

Doi No:-10.18231