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IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Prevalence and causation of anemia among pediatric age group patients


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Author Details: Aditi Gupta, Khusbu Gangoli, Pradeep K. Gupta

Volume : 2

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2581-4702

Print ISSN : 2581-4699

Article First Page : 166

Article End Page : 169


Abstract

Background: Anemia prevalence in all age group children continues to remain in most parts of India and Asia. One of the most common factors in causation of anaemia is malnutrition; iron deficiency making the most of it. While many studies have been conducted to find out the prevalence and causes of anemia, we conducted this study in western UP in a tertiary care hospital with an aim to find out the prevalence and causation of anemia in this part of world and what measures can be taken to curb this problem.
Material & Methods: The prospective observational study was conducted on 150 children in Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre Hospital in Moradabad, western Uttar Pradesh, India. All children were between 6 months to 18 years of age who visited out-patient department and were admitted in the hospital. Children having acute blood loss, known malignancy, bleeding disorder and chronic renal disease were excluded. A specially designed data entry format was used to enter all the patient’s details.
Results: Total number of children enrolled in the study was 150 during the study period (June 2015- July 2016). Out of 150 children, ten did not agree to give consent. The leading cause of anemia in children our study was predominantly diluted milk diet(83%) in children below five years of age with very little complimentary food. Anemia was more common in Hindu children (127 of 140 cases) and pica (76%) was common in all age groups. Girls were more affected than boys.

Doi No:-10.18231