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International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry


Inflammatory Gingival Enlargement - A Case Report


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Author Details: Nitin Tomar, Gazal Jain, Anamika Sharma, Amit Wadhawan

Volume : 1

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2395-499X

Print ISSN : 2395-4914

Article First Page : 146

Article End Page : 148


Abstract

Background & objectives: Chronic inflammatory gingival enlargement also called as chronic hyperplastic gingivitis is an enlargement of the gingiva as a result of chronic inflammation due to local or systemic factors, most important local factor appears to be the dental plaque and calculus. The aim of publishing this case report is to present the clinical, histopathological features and treatment of inflammatory gingival enlargement which disturbed the aesthetics and masticatory function of the patient. Methods: A 23 year old female patient reported with a chief complaint of swelling in the gums of teeth in lower front region. The enlargement was firm and fibrotic accompanied by an inflammatory component probably due to inability to maintain adequate personal oral hygiene. Surgical therapy was carried out to provide a good aesthetic outcome.
Results and interpretation: No recurrence was reported at the end of 2 months. The importance of patient motivation and compliance during and after therapy as a critical factor in the success of treatment has also been highlighted through this case report. Conclusion Gingival overgrowth is disfiguring, and can interfere in mastication and speech; hence a thorough understanding of the pathogenesis is essential.

Keywords: Inflammatory, Hyperplastic, Fibrotic gingival enlargement, Local factors

Doi No:-10.18231