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IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology


Pathway towards Periodontal Regeneration: A Review


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Author Details: Baljeet Singh, Tarun Nanda, Shivani Bhickta, Pooja Mehra, Bharat Joshi

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2457-0087

Print ISSN : 2581-9836

Article First Page : 12

Article End Page : 18


Abstract

Periodontal regeneration has become one of the primary objectives of periodontal therapy. The resulting scientific endeavours have elucidated modes of periodontal wound healing, the growth of periodontal cells and their association with the surrounding matrix, and growth-promoting factors. The periodontal regeneration industry is producing better and more expensive devices, but the criteria for evaluating their success have not progressed to the same extent. Although clinical measurements of attachment level and probing depths, along with radiography, are good methods of evaluating tooth survival and prognosis, they do not indicate true biological regeneration. The goals of periodontal therapy include not only the arrest of periodontal disease progression, but also the regeneration of structures lost to disease, where appropriate. Conventional surgical approaches (e.g., flap debridement) continue to offer time-tested and reliable methods to access root surfaces, reduce periodontal pockets, and attain improved periodontal form/architecture. However, these techniques offer only limited potential towards recovering tissues destroyed during earlier disease phases. Recently, surgical procedures aimed at greater and more predictable regeneration of periodontal tissues and functional attachment close to their original level have been developed, analyzed, and employed in clinical practice. This article provides a review of the current understanding of regeneration of the periodontium and of procedures used to restore periodontal tissues around natural teeth.

Keyword:
  Non-bone Replacement Grafts, Bone Replacement Grafts, Gene Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy

Doi No:-10.18231