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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


A Cross-Sectional Study on the Extent of Pharmacovigilance Awareness among Fifth Term Medical Students


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Author Details: Manjunath S M, Nagesh Raju G, Someswara GM

Volume : 2

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 145

Article End Page : 149


Abstract

Background: Adverse effects due to medicines are common cause of morbidity and mortality. ADRs have a major impact on public health by imposing a considerable economic burden on the society.
Objectives: To assess the awareness of pharmacovigilance among fifth term medical students.
Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional study based on the questionnaire. The study was conducted on IInd year (fifth term) medical students in the Department of Pharmacology of BMCH, Chitradurga.  A questionnaire containing 15 questions with 2-5 options were given to each student and they were asked to mark one best suitable option. Totally 70 students participated in the study, out of which 4 questionnaires were incomplete and eliminated while evaluating results. So, we analysed data of 66 participants. The results were evaluated graphically using Microsoft excel sheet.
Results: Majority of the students had correct understanding regarding Pharmacovigilance and its role in identifying the safety of drugs. 89.93% of students were aware of all the activities involved in Pharmacovigilance. 48.48% of the students had an idea that all the health care professionals (i.e. doctors, pharmacists, nurses) are responsible for reporting ADR. 34.84% of students had wrong perception that WHO online database for reporting ADRs was Medsafe and 31.81% thought Vigibase as the WHO online database. 48.48% had the correct understanding that CDSCO is the regulatory body for monitoring ADRs in India. 66.66% students thought that, all the types of ADRs (mild, moderate & severe) irrespective of their severity have to be reported. 61% of students thought that ADR reporting is a Professional obligation. 91% of the students were aware that all the measures (stop the drug, report ADR & treat the condition) have to be taken when an ADR is suspected. Other findings included like, 68% students knew drugs banned because of ADR. Majority of students wrote Thalidomide & Nimesulide as an example for a drug banned because of ADR.
Conclusion: The current study revealed that medical students had good awareness about Pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting. Better understanding of the subject on Pharmacovigilance in these undergraduates would help them as future doctors in improving the quality of health care, as well as safety of the patients.

Keywords:
Pharmacovigilance, awareness, adverse drug reactions, medical students

Doi No:-10.18231