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IP Journal of Surgery and Allied Sciences


Road Accidents and Ocular Injuries


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Bhavana Namala*,K Srinivasa Rao,V S.Gurunadh

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : XXXXXXX

Print ISSN : XXXXXXX

Article First Page : 13

Article End Page : 16


Abstract

Introduction: ocular injuries in RTA constitute a major but preventable cause of visual morbidity worldwide and so it is of public health importance. Aim of study was to assess the visual outcomes in patients attending tertiary care hospital with ocular injuries following RTA and compare various associated risk factors.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was done with 104 cases of ocular injuries following RTA in GSL Medical College and Hospital to find out the visual outcome and compare various risk factors. Detailed History and clinical evaluation was done with follow up at 1st and 3rd week.
Results: Maximum cases were seen in the age group of 30-50yrs, more in males (82.0%), with 67% in two wheelers. Out of the 104 cases, 67% occurred at night, 50% was under the influence of alcohol. Out of which 61% of lid injuries followed by subconjunctival haemorrhage have good prognosis. 14% cases reported with severe ocular morbidity like open globe injuries with guarded prognosis.
Conclusions: Younger age group was mostly affected with male preponderance, alcohol and two wheelers being quite important risk factors. Early treatment of ocular injuries and use of protective wear result in better visual outcomes.

Keywords: Alcohol influence, Ocular injury, Road traffic accidents, Subconjunctival haemorrhage, Two-wheeler.

Doi No:-10.18231