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Online ISSN:-2456-9267

CODEN : IACHCL

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Year 2020

Volume: 5 , Issue: 1

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IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research


A histomorphological study of lesions of tonsil in tertiary care hospital


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Research Article

Author Details : B Nikethan, Neethu G V*, Rashmi P, Dipti Anu

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 14-17


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Abstract

Introduction: Palatine tonsils are paired masses of lymphoid tissue which act as immunologic barrier
against the entry of pathogenic agents into the respiratory and digestive tracts. Despite their protective
function, tonsils are prone to infection. Tonsillitis is a common disease especially among the children.
Chronic tonsillitis is a disease with repeated attacks of acute tonsillitis or a sub-clinic form of a resistant or
poorly treated infection.
Aim: To study the histomorphological findings of various lesions of tonsils.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out at a department of pathology in a
tertiary care hospital for a period of two years. A total 160 cases of the histomorphologically identified
tonsillectomy specimens were included and stained by Hematoxylin & Eosin .
Results: We studied histopathology of 160 cases, out of which 156 were tonsillectomy specimens, 4 were
tonsillar biopsies. The age of patients ranged from 1 to 60 years. In our study the histomorphological
diagnosis showed 45(28.1%) cases showed chronic tonsillitis, 62(38.7%) cases of follicular tonsillitis,
5(3.2%) cases of chronic tonsillitis showed actinomycotic colonies, with no tissue reaction, 2(1.2%) cases
of acute on chronic tonsillitis, and 40(25%) cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and 5(3.2%) cases of
Acute suppurative tonsillitis 1(0.6%) cases and 1(0.6%) case of moderately differentiated squamous cell
carcinoma were seen.
Conclusion: Routine histomorphogical study of tonsillectomy specimens has a low cost-benefit rate, and
most diagnostic tool for early screening and follow-up of malignancy.

Keywords: Chronic tonsillitis, Tonsillectomy, Histopathology.

Doi : 10.18231/j.achr.2020.004

How to cite : Nikethan B , Neethu G V, Rashmi P, Anu D, A histomorphological study of lesions of tonsil in tertiary care hospital. IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res 2020;5(1):14-17

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)