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Year 2020

Volume: 5 , Issue: 1

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IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research

A study of histomorphological patterns of endometrium in abnormal uterine bleeding

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Research Article

Author Details : Nikethan B, Preethi C. R*, Anusha B. M, Veeksha V Gowda

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 26-30

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Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding(AUB) is one of the most common gynaecological problems,
which accounts for about 33% of out patient referrals. It is a debilitating condition with high direct and
indirect costs. AUB is considered as a cause of significant health care burden for women, their families and
society as a whole.
Aims and objective: To study the various histomorphological patterns of endometrium in AUB.
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study done in Department of Pathology, tertiary care
hospital, JJMMC Davangere for a period of 2 years from January 2016 to December 2017. 212 cases of
endometrial biopsies were reviewed in AUB. The slides were obtained from departmental archives and
clinical data from the histopathological forms. The data was entered and interpreted in Microsoft Excel
and the analysis was done in percentages and proportions and was represented in tables, graphs and pie
charts wherever necessary.
Results: A total of 212 cases were analysed and the age of females ranged from 20-62 yrs. The
most common histomorphological pattern was Endometrial Hyperplasia without atypia in 43.0% of cases
followed by Secretory endometrium in 15.6% of cases. Proliferative endometrium was seen in 14.6% of
cases and Disordered proliferative endometrium was seen in 14.2% of cases. There were also 2 cases with
Simple atypical hyperplasia.
Conclusion: The cause of AUB can be identified by the histopathological study of endometrial curettages
and biopsies. This helps to plan for successful management of the females presenting with AUB.

Keywords: Endometrial biopsy, Abnormal uterine bleeding, Endometrial hyperplasia.

Doi : 10.18231/j.achr.2020.007

How to cite : Nikethan B, Preethi C. R, Anusha B. M, Gowda V V, A study of histomorphological patterns of endometrium in abnormal uterine bleeding. IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res 2020;5(1):26-30

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