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IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research


Impact of major life style factors on male fertility in rural based population


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Author Details : Navya B. N., Ahalya R., Ravikant, Satyavathi

Volume : 1, Issue : 3, Year : 2016

Article Page : 115-122


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Abstract

Background: Infertility is the inability of the couples to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. There are innumerable causes of infertility including lifestyle factors. This study was to determine the specific impact of major lifestyle factors on semen quality of couples with infertility problem in rural based population.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study on 250 male partners with infertility problem, conducted at Pathology department from August 2014 to May 2016. Semen analysis was carried out using WHO criteria and subjects were categorized based on history of lifestyle factors like alcohol, smoking, obesity, psychological stress and occupational exposure. Individuals in the age group of 15 to 45 years with exposure to a single lifestyle factor were included while those exposed to combined lifestyle factors with secondary infertility and chronic infections were excluded from the study. The data was analyzed using chi-square test.
Results: The proportion of abnormal sperms were higher in individuals who were exposed to different lifestyle factors compared to unexposed ones with a p value of <0.00001. Oligozoospermia followed by asthenozoospermia was the most common sperm variable in alcoholics (86%), obese (68%) and those with occupational exposure (58%) and stress (60%). While asthenozoospermia was the most common variable in smokers (70%).
Conclusion: The above findings showed that various lifestyle factors might be attributed to the risk of declining semen quality. The impact of environmental factors, alcohol and smoking on male infertility rates especially in rural population was a highlight in this study.

Keywords: Infertility, Lifestyle factors, Environmental factors, Oligozoospermia, Asthenozoospermia

 

How to cite : Navya B. N., Ahalya R., Ravikant, Satyavathi, Impact of major life style factors on male fertility in rural based population. IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res 2016;1(3):115-122

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)