COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 199

Article download: 88

IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research

Papsmear findings in postmenopausal women

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Research Article

Author Details : A Kavya, Volga Harikrishanan*, Chitra Srinivasan

Volume : 4, Issue : 3, Year : 2020

Article Page : 448-452

Suggest article by email


Introduction: After menopause for many women the occurrence of certain cancers is much higher due the
manner in which the hormonal changes have occurred. Amoung those, cervical cancer is the commonest
cancer causing death amoung women is developing countries. In India women between 53-59 years is the
peak age for cervical cancer incidence. However, women who are at the highest risk of developing cancer i.e
older and women under lower economic status are not likely to undergo screening. So it becomes important
that cervical cancer must be detected especially in older population hence papsmear is the screening tool
used being the most cost effective and non-invasive technique.
Objectives: To study about various lesions detected with the help of papanicolaou test (papsmear) in post
menopausal women and to correlate these findings with other clinical parameters.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Pathology, in our
Institute over a period of six months from July 2018 to December 2018 in which all the papsmear of
postmenopausal women in that period were included.
Results: The incidence of negative for intraepithelial lesion/ malignancy(NILM) was about 94.6% and
epithelial abnormalities was 5.37% and NIS was the common finding in NILM and ASCUS was the most
common epithelial abnormality. The incidence of epithelial abnormality was high between the age group
51-60 years.
Conclusion: According to the findings of our study the incidence of epithelial abnormalities state that,
awareness should be created among older women about their risk of cervical carcinoma even after their
menopause and also the importance of papsmear screening in early detection and prevention of cervical

Keywords: Cervical cancer, Papsmear, Postmenopausal.


Doi : 10.18231/j.achr.2019.046

How to cite : Kavya A, Harikrishanan V, Srinivasan C, Papsmear findings in postmenopausal women. IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res 2020;4(3):448-452

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (