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Annals of Geriatric Education and Medical Sciences

Role of Activator and Bionator in class II malocclusion correction- A review

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Author Details : Sukhpal Kaur, Riponjot Singh, Vikas Garg, Maninderdeep Kaur

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 41-44

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Functional appliances are passive appliances, which make use of the natural forces generated by the orofacial & masticatory muscles and the forces of occlusion to bring about changes in dento alveolar & craniofacial structures. These appliances alter neuromuscular environment of orofacial region to improve occlusal development and craniofacial skeletal growth. In this article we will discuss effects of two functional appliances that are activator and bionator.

: Activator, Bionator, Maxillary protrusion

How to cite : Kaur S, Singh R, Garg V, Kaur M, Role of Activator and Bionator in class II malocclusion correction- A review. Ann Geriatr Educ Med Sci 2017;4(2):41-44

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Ann Geriatr Educ Med Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (