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Print ISSN:-2348-7348

Online ISSN:-2348-7240

CODEN : AGEMCY

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Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 2

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Annals of Geriatric Education and Medical Sciences


Subacute dementia in elderly due to vitamin B12 deficiency


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Case Report

Author Details : Shreya Gattani*, Sourya Acharya, Roopesh Yarappa, Sakshi Gagneja

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2019

Article Page : 13-15


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Abstract

Dementia is a commonly encountered problem in the aging population. The cardinal manifestations of Vitamin B12 deficiency are dementia, delirium, cognitive impairment, confusion, memory losses, depression, acute psychosis, and rarely mania or schizophrenia. The neuropsychiatric manifestations due to Vitamin B12 deficiency are often accompanied by hematological abnormalities. We report a 68-year-old female who presented with complaints of behavioral changes, intermittent episodes of acute confusional state, memory deficits, inability to identify family members, lethargy and easy generalized fatigability. The laboratory investigations of the patient revealed macrocytic anemia with decreased Serum Vitamin B12 levels, Normal folate levels and elevated Serum Homocysteine levels based on which the patient was diagnosed with Hypovitaminosis of Vitamin B12 with Hyperhomocysteinemia. The patient showed dramatic improvement in the neuropsychiatric manifestations after receiving adequate supplementation of cobalamin.

Keywords: Dementia, Hypovitaminosis, Cobalamin, Hyperhomocysteinemia.

Doi : 10.18231/j.agems.2019.005

How to cite : Gattani S, Acharya S, Yarappa R, Gagneja S, Subacute dementia in elderly due to vitamin B12 deficiency. Ann Geriatr Educ Med Sci 2019;6(1):13-15

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Ann Geriatr Educ Med Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)