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IP Annals of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry


Effect of all previous dental treatment on the current oral health related quality of life in geriatric patients


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Research Article

Author Details : Nayar Islam*, Nilisha Shukla, Amyn Chamadia, Sanket Deolkar

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 22-30


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Abstract

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of this research were to determine the influence of all previous dental treatment on the current oral health-related quality of life in geriatric patients and to assess the effect of the regularity of dental care in geriatric patients on oral health-related quality of life.
Materials and Methods: A population-based evaluation was carried out on subjects over the age of 60 who reported to the Department of Prosthodontics for 7 months. Self-perceived oral health was assessed using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data using SPSS version 21.
Result: The sample included 75 elderly people, 77% of whom were males and 23% women. The Regular Visit Group had 28 subjects, of which 22 (78%) were males and six (21%) were females. There were a total of 47 subjects in the Irregular Patient Group, of which 36 (76%) were males and 11 (22%) were females. In our study both GOHAI and OHIP-14 showed good reliability for measurement of OHRQoL (Oral Health-related Quality of Life). The GOHAI and OHIP-14 Hindi questionnaires were able to identify participants with impaired oral health. This study revealed that the regularity of receiving dental care affected OHRQoL in the geriatric group of the population.
Conclusion: The outcome of this research found out that the OHRQol perceived using both the GOHAI and OHIP-14 was better in patients who received dental care more regularly than those who did not.

Keywords: GOHAI and OHIP, OHRQoL.

Doi : 10.18231/j.aprd.2020.007

How to cite : Islam N, Shukla N, Chamadia A, Deolkar S, Effect of all previous dental treatment on the current oral health related quality of life in geriatric patients. IP Ann Prosthodont Restor Dent 2020;6(1):22-30

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Ann Prosthodont Restor Dent. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)