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IP Annals of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry


Bone graft materials used in dental implants: A review


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Review Article

Author Details : V Udayshankar, Vijaya Kumar R*, Poonam Prakash, Vaibhav Jain

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2019

Article Page : 58-62


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Abstract

Bone grafting is a method by which bone deficient areas are built up with the use of different materials, such as autografts, allografts, alloplasts and xenografts. Bone graft materials are placed in different locations for various indications like in alveolar sockets post extraction, to refill a local bony defect due to trauma or infection, to refill a peri-implant defect due to peri-implantitis, for vertical and horizontal augmentation of the mandible and maxilla. Grafts materials acts as a filler and scaffold to help bone formation and promote wound healing. The dental implant therapy demands sufficient bone volume, biologic quality and certain dimensional properties for long term success. In many situations this makes bone grafting necessary along with the dental implant placement. Despite of the advancements in the field of bone graft materials and implants, the perfect bone reconstruction material for dental implant has not yet developed.
The aim of this article is to provide a contemporary and comprehensive review of the bone graft materials that can be used in dental implants, discussing their properties, advantages, disadvantages, enlightening the present and the future perspective in the field of bone regeneration.

Keywords: Bone graft, Dental implant, Graft material.

Doi : 10.18231/j.aprd.2019.014

How to cite : Udayshankar V, Vijaya Kumar R, Prakash P, Jain V, Bone graft materials used in dental implants: A review. IP Ann Prosthodont Restor Dent 2019;5(3):58-62

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Ann Prosthodont Restor Dent. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)