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IP Indian Journal of Anatomy and Surgery of Head, Neck and Brain


Clinicopathological study of secondaries in neck in relation to head & neck malignancies


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Research Article

Author Details : Brijesh Kumar*, Anirudh Shukla

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 95-100


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Abstract

Cervical metastasis is the most critical prognostic factors in head and neck carcinoma. Accurate detection
and measurement of metastases is important for precise staging of patients with head and neck cancers
because it determines treatment strategy.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 110 patients, presenting with
neck secondaries with head and neck malignancy (primary and occult) in the Department of ENT,
N.S.C.B.MCH, Jabalpur from March 2016 to August 2017.
Results: Head and neck carcinoma with neck secondaries is more common in males (M: F=6:1). Oral
carcinoma was commonest followed by carcinoma larynx & majority with unilateral (left>right) neck
node metastasis, Level II being the commonest. Most common Histopathology of primary was SCC and
FNAC of neck node was metastatic deposits of SCC. Majority presented at stage IV.
Conclusions: It is concluded that patients usually present to a tertiary care centre at advanced stages, with
locally as well as extensive metastatic spread.
This can be attributed to lack of awareness and unavailability of proper medical facilities in rural population.
There should be health education in community about carcinogenic substances, to reduce the burden of
carcinomas & proper medical facilities in low socioeconomic strata.
Pathological investigations are gold standard diagnostic modalities for head & neck carcinoma and neck
node metastases, not only for confirmation but also for proper further management.

Keywords: Clinicopathological study, Head and Neck carcinoma, Neck secondaries, Socioeconomic condition, Stage of cancer.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijashnb.2019.026

How to cite : Kumar B, Shukla A, Clinicopathological study of secondaries in neck in relation to head & neck malignancies. IP Indian J Anat Surg Head Neck Brain 2020;5(4):95-100

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Anat Surg Head Neck Brain. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)